Thursday, 25 February 2016

Background Pine Trees.

Building distant pine trees and making them look small enough and distant is difficult. Most of my pine trees are made using horse hair and wire made using the "bottle brush" method. These trees are great and probably better than the $2+ each packaged N Scale trees I have several packets of. But they take time to make and I need many hundreds of them. 
So I am not sure who I have to credit this idea with, but I use scourer pads. Some other people I remember use air filter pads.  The good thing about scourer pads is that they are not metallic, so no danger of fouling motors. However the hair is fine so you need to vacuum after, like any scenery development.
I had started foresting my California hillside when I realised I needed over 1,000 trees. So I looked for another way of providing the backdrop layer of trees that looked realistic. 
Here are my results and step by step instructions.
Here is a mountain covered in commercial plus horse hair pine trees.

Hill with bottle brush and purchased pine trees
The hills / mountains on the BNSF Down Under are built away from the painted backdrop to give the image of depth. The gap in most places is a centimetre or so, but it stops the hills butting against the backdrop. Here are some finished background scourer pad pine trees in place.
 Here is a view of the scourer pad pine trees below the snow peaks of northern California.
Background trees

 So here is a Scotchbrite scourer pad - in this case brown. I discovered you can buy very cheap scourer pads of "No Name brand" in supermarkets and some $2 shops. I got my last batch from Woolworths for $1.49 for 6 pads. Six pads will make over 3 meters of background trees - more than 10 feet.
As they come the pads are too thick but can easily (carefully) be split to create thinner sheets.
Scourer pad being split
Here is a pad being split. My pads were 150 x 80 mm (6 x 3.5 inches). A height of 40 mm is plenty for the backdrop trees so you can get 4 lengths from every pad. By thinning the pads the trees are slightly opaque which is more like a regular tree. The thinner trees now have texture which adds to the final appearance.
Thinned scourer sponge
Once you have the 150 x 40mm strip ( a quarter of the original pad) you can now cut the pine tree shapes. Angle the trees like a pine tree and only make each tree about half of the 40mm pad depth. The uncut section will be behind your mountain or hill. Keep the sections you cut out as these can be used as individual pine trees on the backdrop.
Cutting the tree outlines
 Here is a cut out 150mm (6 inch) set of trees.
Finished background trees - before painting
 As these trees were brown I spray painted them with a cheap dark green spray paint. Any spray paint will do but even with acrylic paint do it in a well ventilated area.
Cheap spray paint will do
 Just for reference here is a group of 8 bottle brush trees about to be spun. I still use bottle brush pines on all the layout except for the background. There are many blogs and articles on the web to make bottle brush pine trees. It is a good therapeutic exercise and one that can while away many hours - if so inclined!
Making bottle brush trees
So here is a finished section. In most cases the background pine trees fit snugly between the mountain and painted backdrop. If there is too much gap then I use styrofoam to pad that gap so the trees are against the backdrop.
Background trees above Gleeville

So give this method a go if you need pine trees. It is relatively quick and the results are pretty good.

Sunday, 7 February 2016

Scenery - January 2016

Between swimming and Christmas festivities the management found some rainy days to work on extending the scenery, especially around the gravel mining town of "Summit", and the hinterlands.
Here are the initial results. Except for the hill behind the gravel mine at Summit the area is lacking trees. I have about 80 pine trees above Summit but estimate I need about 600-1000 more for the layout - maybe more!!!!
This is the warehouse and storage at Summit.

Here is a farm house. The owner is keen on old cars. The women are managing the situation.
Here is the church on the hill overlooking Gleeville. There is a wedding just completed - see the bride and groom on the door step. The minister and assistants are to the right. I have some grave stones to paint and install, plus some more foliage and maybe a signature tree to install..
 Here is the gravel mine - a Walthers kit. The gravel pile behind is styrofoam carved hills covered with grey ballast. Of course a mine needs a lot of electricity so a sub station is needed at Summit. Any business brings management to check and supervise.
 This is the town of Gleeville. The tracks have not been ballasted here yet.
 This is the overpass leading into Summit. The tracks at Summit have been ballasted. Mainline tracks are concrete sleepers and light grey ballast and the passing / storage tracks are wooden sleepers with a darker ballast. Expand the picture and see the guard rails, security posts, and warning signs on the road.
 At the other end of the layout is Leeville. There is a fire in one of the high rise buildings, which is being attended to. Leeville is laid out and most of the buildings are complete but details are still to be added. A new high rise is under construction on the right.

 Here is another view of Leeville under construction. The fire in the high rise building at the back is visible.
 Here is the Intermodal yard and highway overpass entering it.
 Here above Beauville is the working wind farm. This area is yet to be sceniced.
 This is Beccy Pulp - the main pulp mill on the layout. Scenery around the mill and more details are future projects.
 Outside Summit is an old small business that still transfers some cattle and does small engineering jobs. Can you see grandma sitting on the toilet?
 Here is a panorama of Summit from the overpass. The hill / mountain in the background already has about 80 pines installed and still needs more.
 This is the gravel pit at Summit. Not sure what the workers are doing but they are ready for another load from the dozer just off to the right of picture.